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Jawaid Akhtar,the New Chairperson of the International Coffee Council

Posted on 21 September 2013 by admin

Jawaid Akhtar, the Chairman of Coffee Board of India, was elected as the Chairperson of the International Coffee Council at the meetings of the International Coffee Organization which took place on 9 September 2013 in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The 111th session of the Council and the meetings took place from 9 September 2013- 12 September 2013.

At the same time, Conradin Rasi of Switzerland was elected as the Vice-Chairperson of the International Coffee Council. The Council also appointed Juan Esteban Orduz of Colombia as the Chairperson of the Consultative Forum.

About the International Coffee Organization(ICO)

The International Coffee Organization (ICO) is the main intergovernmental organization for coffee, bringing together exporting and importing Governments to tackle the challenges facing the world coffee sector through international cooperation. Its Member Governments represent 97% of world coffee production and over 80% of world consumption.

The ICO’s mission is to strengthen the global coffee sector and promote its sustainable expansion in a market-based environment for the betterment of all participants in the coffee sector.

It makes a practical contribution to the development of a sustainable world coffee sector and to reducing poverty in developing countries by:

  • enabling governments and the private sector to exchange views on coffee matters, market conditions and trends, and coordinate policies at high-level meetings
  • developing and seeking finance for projects that benefit the world coffee economy
  • promoting coffee quality through a Coffee Quality-Improvement Programme
  • promoting market transparency by providing a wide range of statistics on the world coffee sector
  • developing coffee consumption and markets for coffee through innovative market development activities
  • encouraging the development of strategies to enhance the capacity of local communities and small-scale farmers
  • promoting training and information programmes to assist the transfer of technology relevant to coffee
  • facilitating information on financial tools and services to assist producers
  • providing objective and comprehensive economic, technical and scientific information on the world coffee sector.

The ICO was set up in London in 1963 under the auspices of the United Nations because of the great economic importance of coffee. It administers the International Coffee Agreement (ICA), an important instrument for development cooperation. The latest Agreement, the ICA 2007, entered into force on 2 February 2011.

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Wine Quiz-10 Questions related to Wine and Wine Products

Posted on 25 May 2011 by admin

1. Along which river and its tributaries do the German vineyards lie?

2. Along which river is most of France’s Sauvignon Blanc cultivated?

3. Claret wine is produced in the region surrounding which French city?

4. How are fizzy wines, other than champagnes, described?

5. How many normal size wine bottles would you have in a Methuselah?

6. In which area of Italy is Chianti Classico produced?

7. In which country is Rioja produced?

8. In which country is the Marlborough wine region?

9. In which country is the wine-growing Barossa Valley?

10. In which country is the wine-making area of Stellenbosch?


1. Rhine

2. Loire

3. Bordeaux

4. Sparkling

5. Eight

6. Tuscany

7. Spain

8. New Zealand

9. Australia

10. South Africa

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Common Diseases of Crops

Posted on 27 June 2010 by admin

Black heart: Potatoes
Kernel bunt: Wheat
Powdery Mildew: Peas
Red Rot: Sugarcane

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World’s Largest Producers of Crops, Minerals, Industrial goods etc.

Posted on 27 June 2010 by admin

Aluminium: U.S.A., Canada Norway, Switzerland, France and India.
Asbestos: Canada leads in the world in production of Asbestos.
Carpets: Iran, India.
Cheese: U.S.A., England, Netherlands and Australia.
Coal: U.S.A., England, Germany, Russia, Australia and India.
Cocoa: Ghana, S. America and West Indies.
Coffee: Brazil, Indonesia, India.
Copper: Chile.
Cotton: U.S.A., Russia, Egypt, India, Brazil, Argentina and Pakistan.
Electric Bulbs: England, U.S.A., India.
Gold: South Africa, Australia, Canada, S. America, India.
Ilmenite: India.
Iron ore: U.S.A., CIS, U.K., France, Germany, India and Spain.
Jute: Bangladesh, India.
Manganese: India is largest producer of Manganese in the world. Gabon Republic situated on the western coast of South Africa is known as having one of the richest deposits at Moanda.
Mercury: Italy, Spain and U.S.A.
Monazite: India, supplies 88% of the world’s need.
Petroleum: U.S.A., Venezuela, Russia, Middle East countries, Iran and Myanmar.
Plastic Goods: U.S.A., England.
Rock Phosphate: Morocco is world’s leading supplier.
Rubber: Malaysia, Indonesia and Sri Lanka. About 40% of the world’s natural rubber is produced by Malaysia.
Silk: China, U.S.A., France.
Silver: Mexico, U.S.A., Peru and India.
Steel: U.S.A., Germany, CIS and England.
Sugar: Cuba.
Tea: India, China, Sri Lanka, Japan and Indonesia.
Tin: Malaysia, Indonesia.
Wool: Australia, Argentina, New Zealand and South Africa.

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Chief Crops and Producing States in India

Posted on 27 June 2010 by admin

Bajra (millets): Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan.
Barley: U.P., Bihar, Haryana. Its cultivation requires cool climate.
Cardamom: Karnataka. India is the largest producer of cardamom in the world.
Cashewnut: Kerala.
Cinchona: Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri Hills); West Bengal (Darjeeling).
Coconut: Kerala is the leading producer of coconut in India. A coconut tree normally yield 60-70 nuts in a year.
Coffee: Karnataka, Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri Hills) and Kerala. It is a tropical shrub.
Cotton: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Maharashtra.
Cotton Seeds: Maharashtra, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
Gram and Pulses: U.P., Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Maharashtra and Karnataka.
Groundnut: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh.
Hemp: Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and U.P.
Jute: Assam, West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
Linseed: Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, U.P.,  Maharashtra and West Bengal.
Maize: U.P., Bihar and the Punjab.
Mustard and Rape-seed (Sarson): U.P., West Bengal, Punjab, Bihar and Orissa.
Poppy (opium plant): U.P., Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir.
Rice: Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu and Orissa. Rice is sown on the largest acreage in India.
Rubber: Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka.
Saffron: Jammu and Kashmir. It is obtained from the stigma of the saffron plant.
Silk: Karnataka, Jammu & Kashmir, West Bengal and Assam.
Spices: Pepper in Kerala and West Bengal; Chillies in West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra; Cardamom in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; Betelnuts in West Bengal and South India.
Sugarcane: U.P., Bihar, West Bengal, Punjab and Maharashtra.
Tea: Assam, West Bengal, Kerala and Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri Hills), Uttarkhand (Dehradun)  and Himachal Pradesh (Kangra Hills).
Tobacco: Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, U.P., West Bengal, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
Wheat: U.P., Punjab, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh. To some extent in Bihar, Rajasthan and Maharashtra. It is sown in October-November and reaped in April.

Kharif and Rabi Crops
Kharif Crops: are crops raised in autumn as a result of sowing done in June-July. These are cotton, rice, maize and millets.
Rabi Crops: are winter crops sown in October and November and reaped in April. These are wheat, gram, linseed and mustard.

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Agriculture Quiz-Major Crops Producing Countries

Posted on 19 February 2010 by admin

Major crops(agricultural commodities)– Top producing countries
Below given is a list of top producing countries of major agricultural commodities. The top three producing countries of each crop is given in that order

Almonds–United States, Spain, Syria
Apples—-China,United States,Turkey
Dry beans–Brazil,India,China
Buffalo milk–India, Pakistan,China
Cabbages–China, India,Russia
Camel milk-Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Mali
Carrots—China, Russia, United States
Cashew nuts–Vietnam,India,Brazil
Cauli flower-China,India,Italy
Cherries–Turkey,United states,Iran
Cinnamon–Indonesia,China,Sri Lanka
Cocoa beans–Ivory coast,Ghana,Indonesia
Cow milk–United states,India,Russia
Garlic–China,India,North Korea
Goat milk–India,Bangladesh,Sudan
Grapes–Italy,Frances,United States
Honey–China,United States,Argentina
Lettuce–China,United States,Spain
Maize–United States,China,Brazil
Mushrooms–China,United States,Netherlands
Oats–Russia,Canada,United States
Onions–China,India,United States
Oranges–Brazil,United States,Mexico
Soyabeans–United States,Brazil,Argentina
Sugar cane–Brazil,India,China
Sun flower–Russia,Ukraine,Argentina
Tea–China,India,Sri Lanka
Tomato–China,United States,Turkey
Wheat–China,India,United States
Posted by krishna at 7:52 AM 0 comments
Labels: Major crops(agricultural commodities)– Top producer countries

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